Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP), Pasadena, CA
PRP is a regenerative technology which utilizes the patients own blood which is separated by simple centrifuging, isolating the platelets. Platelets contain a variety of grow factors attracting mature stem cells found in you blood, augmenting your healing. PRP permits the body to take advantage of the normal healing pathways at a greatly accelerated rate. During the healing process, the body rushes many cells and cell-types to the wound in order to initiate the healing process. One of these cell types are platelets. These special blood cells, which help stop bleeding, also have high concentrations of various tissue growth factors. The PRP is usually mixed with bone grafts (allogeneic or autogenous) and inserted into surgical sites to promote healing. This is much like putting “miracle grow” in the area for better healing.
PRP Has Many Clinical Applications
This simple but effective technique is frequently utilized in many of our bone grafts.
This includes onlay and inlay grafts, sinus lift procedures, ridge augmentation procedures for dental implants, and closure of alveolar clefts. It also can be used to repair bone defects created by the removal of teeth or cysts / tumors and the repair of fistulas between the sinus cavity and mouth and larger reconstructions.
PRP Also Has Many Advantages
Safety: PRP is a by-product of the patient’s own blood, therefore, disease transmission between donors is not an issue.
Convenience: PRP can be generated in our office while the patient is undergoing an outpatient surgical procedure, such as dental implant placement.
Faster healing: The super-saturation of the wound with PRP and thus growth factors produces faster tissue regeneration.
Cost effectiveness: Since PRP is obtained with only 20 – 55 cc of blood in our office the patient need not incur the expense and inconvenience of the harvesting procedure in hospital or at a blood bank.
Ease of use: PRP is easy to handle and actually improves the ease of application of bone substitute materials and bone grafting products by making them more gel-like.
Frequently Asked Questions About PRP
Is PRP safe?
Yes. During the outpatient surgical procedure a small amount of your own blood is drawn out frequently through the IV line. This blood is then placed in the PRP centrifuge machine and spun down. In less than 15 minutes, the PRP is available and ready to use.
Should PRP be used in all bone-grafting cases?
Not always. In some cases, there is no need for PRP. However, in the majority of cases, application of PRP to the graft will increase the final amount of bone present in addition to making the wound heal faster and with less pain.
Will my insurance cover the costs?
Unfortunately not. The cost of the PRP application (approximately $400.00 $650.00) is paid by the patient as an out-of-pocket expense.
Can PRP be used alone to stimulate bone formation?
No. PRP must be mixed with the patients own bone, a bone substitute material such as mineralized freeze-dried bone, or a synthetic bone product.
Are there any contraindications to PRP?
There are very few contraindications. Obviously, patient’s with bleeding disorders or hematologic diseases may not qualify for this in-office procedure. Check with Drs. Elias or Jun to determine if PRP is right for you.